Spices are basically seeds, fruits, and barks  used for centuries for both culinary and medicinal purposes. They are added to enhance the aroma, flavour and colour of food and beverages. The demand for spices is high across the globe due to these properties and India has the largest domestic market for spices in the world.

Spices are important food adjuncts which not only provide taste but also protect from acute and chronic diseases. Several studies  have shown the diverse range of health properties that they possess via their bioactive constituents, including sulfur-containing compounds, tannins, alkaloids, flavonoids and polyphenols. They are specifically responsible for maintenance of health and protecting against diseases.

Table :- Certain important Indian spices and Benefits

Cardamon (Elaichi)

Better Digestion

Bad Breath

Cinnamon (Dalchini)

Supports natural production of insulin

Reduce blood cholesterol

Coriander (Dhaniya)

To fight allergies

Good for hormonal imbalance

Cumin (Zeera)

To ease dysentery

Improves digestion

Better immunity

Fenugreek (Methi)

Improve the function of insulin

High cholesterol

To increase milk secretion in nursing mothers

Garlic (Lassan)

Antibiotic properties

Cholesterol control

Better heart health

Ginger (Adrak)

Fight cough and cold

Aids digestion

Pepper (Kali mirch)

Fights infections

Good for soar throat

Helps deal with Cough

Turmeric (Haldi)

Amazing healing properties

Anti-inflammatory effect

Antimicrobial properties provide better immunity

Chillis (Red and Green)

May help improve metabolism

Good for controlling cholesterol

In a nut shell, the primary role of spices is to enhance flavour, aroma of food and can also be used for home remedies to minimise digestive problems, balance sugar levels etc. They also offer important therapeutic benefits due to presence of certain compounds.


TA, Jiang. (2019)Health Benefits of Culinary Herbs and Spices, PubMed. Referred from

Sonal Dubey. Indian Spices and their Medicinal Value. (2017);51(3)Suppl:S330-32.

Older Post Newer Post