Fennel is an aromatic herb widely used as a spice and traditional medicine.

People chew plain or sugar coated fennel seeds after a meal as it is a great mouth fresher and aids digestion and prevents formation of gas. 

Health benefits of Fennel seeds

  • They are packed with fibre. A tbsp of dried fennel seeds gives you 2 gm of fibre. Fibre helps relieve constipation and other digestive problems leading to gastric issues.
  • Antibacterial properties help get rid of bacteria that can cause gastric issues and even food poisoning etc.
  • A meta analysis showed that use of fennel as an oil , or concoction of fennel seed water is effective in treating babies and infantile colic.
  • Fennel seeds may help reduce inflammation and soothe swelling or irritation in the intestines and cure digestive issues.
  • It may aid in eliminating menstrual pain as well.
  • Fennel bulb is a good source of vitamin C , a potent antioxidant that helps in protecting against cellular damage and provides cellular protection.
  • Flavonoids help in removing free radicals and offer protection from cancers, infection, and degenerative diseases.

The active ingredients in fennel seeds are :-

Anethole - It has antimicrobial properties.

Flavonoids - Antioxidants like quercitin and apigenin with anti-inflammatory properties

Phonic compounds :- Such as chlorogenic acid, which is a great antioxidant,  has anti-inflammatory properties.

Fat soluble vitamins - Vitamin A,E,K

Trace minerals - Calcium, barium, magnesium, zinc

Aside from its culinary uses, it offers a wide array of health benefits and provides antioxidant , anti-inflammatory and anti diabetic effects.

The tiny greenish brown fennel seeds are rich in vitamin A,C,D and B complex and having tea enhances your health in a remarkable way. So, try including raw fennel bulb into your salads or using the seed to flavour dishes, soups.


Fennel and fennel seed (2012), ResearchGate. Referred from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/305496106_Fennel_and_fennel_seed

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