The dairy industry is one of the essential pillars of the Indian economy. In 2001 FAO declared 1st June as the world milk day to celebrate its contribution to the economic development. Milk is packed with essential nutrients that provide the goodness of health. But nowadays its popularity has decreased among youngsters due to the availability of alternative commodities.
Currently, there are various types of milks available in the market for different age group like cow’s milk for children, toned milk for adults, skimmed milk for people who want to avoid consumption of extra fat, etc. There are approximately 9 varieties of milk available in the Indian market, such as:
- Whole milk or Full Cream Milk: This milk is the general buffalo’s or cow’s milk or a product prepared from the combination of both. The fat percentage of it is approx. 6 gm.
- Toned milk: This can be buffalo’s or cow’s milk but with the modification in fat percentage. This variety has approx. 3 gm fat per 100 ml.
- Double toned milk: The fat percentage of this particular kind is approx. 1.5 gm. But the removal of fat doesn’t affect the homogeneous condition.
- Skimmed milk: Skimmed Milk means the preparation of milk from which almost all the milk fat has been removed mechanically. It has approx. 0.1% of the fat value.
- Mixed Milk: This can be a combination of milk from any of these - cow, buffalo, sheep, goat or any other cattle.
- Flavoured milk: As the name suggests, the main component of it is the flavour be it chocolate, coffee, nuts, etc. Then it shall be pasteurised, sterilised or boiled. This type of milk is very popular among youngsters.
- Powder milk: Pasteurised milk is air dried through mechanical processing and stored in a proper airtight container.
- Raw untreated milk: This type of milk is very popular in rural areas. Local dairy farmers obtain raw milk from the cattle, then it is marketed in local areas. But due to improper handling, this milk can get contaminated very easily also its shelf life is lesser compared to other.
- Condensed milk: The milk is processed then some sugar is added to it. Initially, milk was heated for around 2 minutes at a temperature of 110 to 115 degrees. After which it is homogenised and evaporated at 60 degrees. Then, it is cooled and packed at 30 degrees. This is mainly used to make confectionaries.
Beneficial Aspects of Milk:
- It contains all the essential amino acids required by the body.
- It is a good source of calcium, which is essential for bone health. Nowadays fortified milk with vitamin D is available in the market which in turn helps prevent osteoporosis.
- The good quality bioavailable protein helps to repair body tissue and muscle building.
- Boiled milk is easily digestible.
- Recent studies have shown a positive co-relation between regular milk consumption and good heart health. The peptides found in milk inhibit angiotensin converting enzymes, which are involved in the increase of blood pressure.
- It is shown in scientific studies that regular consumption of milk reduces the chances of dental caries in children.
- Milk is very beneficial for a healthy skin.
- Post-exercise consumption of milk can reduce fat depositing and stimulate muscle growth.
But nowadays lactose intolerance can be seen in adults, which is the deficiency or inactivity of lactase enzyme within the body. This might occur due to long term withdrawal from milk and milk products. So, if you are lactose intolerant then opt for alternate options like lactose-free milk, soy milk, curd or lactose-free protein supplements. One should choose milk according to their wish/need.
Grow Stronger, Grow Healthier!