Rhinitis means “inflammation of the nose,” and it is a temporary condition. This condition is characterised by increased mucus secretion. Irritants or allergens (substances that provoke an allergic response) may cause rhinitis. Rhinitis can last for weeks to months with allergen exposure.
There are several types of rhinitis:-
- Allergic rhinitis is caused due to an allergic reaction to substances called allergens.
- Seasonal rhinitis or hay fever develops due to allergic reaction to pollen from trees, grasses and weeds.
- Perennial allergic rhinitis it stays all along the year and is caused due to dust, mould & animal debris.
- Non-allergic rhinitis - Smoke, chemicals or other irritating environmental conditions may provoke non-allergic rhinitis. The symptoms are similar to allergy symptoms.
- Infectious rhinitis is also known as the common cold or upper respiratory infection (URI). It is caused due to the presence of the virus in the sinus cavity.
Symptoms of Rhinitis
- Runny nose
- Mucus in the throat
What does the treatment include?
The foremost option is to avoid contact with substances that trigger your nasal allergies (allergens). Consider using over-the-counter or prescription medicines.
Antihistamines - They can be taken by mouth or as a nasal spray. It helps relieve symptoms.
Decongestants - They help shrink the lining of the nasal passages which relieves nasal stuffiness.
Nasal Corticosteroids:- They help reduce inflammation in the nose and block allergic reactions.
People only get temporary relief from medications, and complete relief can only be achieved in the absence of allergens.